What is ENT Surgery?
ENT surgery, also known as otolaryngology surgery, focuses on diagnosing and treating conditions related to the ear, nose, and throat. It encompasses a wide range of procedures and interventions designed to improve the function and aesthetics of these areas. From addressing hearing loss and sinus problems to managing voice disorders and treating head and neck cancers, ENT surgery aims to alleviate symptoms and restore optimal function.
Skilled ENT surgeons employ advanced techniques and technologies to deliver safe and effective treatments tailored to each individual’s specific needs. Whether it’s repairing a deviated septum, removing tonsils and adenoids, or performing complex reconstructive surgeries, ENT surgery aims to alleviate symptoms, restore function, and enhance overall well-being.
If you are experiencing any ear, nose, or throat issues, consulting with an experienced ENT surgeon can provide you with the guidance and solutions you need for optimal health and wellness.
Common ENT Conditions
The field of ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat) encompasses a wide range of conditions. Some of the most common ENT conditions include:
These can occur in the inner, middle, or outer ear and can cause symptoms such as ear pain, hearing loss, fluid drainage, and fever.
Inflammation or infection of the sinuses, leading to symptoms such as nasal congestion, facial pain or pressure, headache, and post-nasal drip.
Inflammation or infection of the tonsils, resulting in a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, swollen tonsils, and sometimes fever.
Conditions such as allergic rhinitis (hay fever) and allergic conjunctivitis can cause symptoms like sneezing, nasal congestion, itchy or watery eyes, and post-nasal drip.
A condition in which the nasal septum, the thin wall separating the nasal passages, is significantly shifted to one side, causing nasal congestion, difficulty breathing, and recurrent sinus infections.
Conditions affecting the vocal cords, such as vocal nodules, polyps, or laryngitis, which can lead to hoarseness, voice strain, vocal fatigue, or difficulty speaking.
A sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep, often accompanied by snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness, and poor sleep quality.
Partial or complete hearing loss, which can occur due to various factors, including age, noise exposure, infections, or underlying medical conditions.
A sensation of spinning or dizziness, often caused by issues with the inner ear, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) or Meniere’s disease.
Head and Neck Cancers
Cancers affecting the structures in the head and neck region, including the throat, voice box, tongue, salivary glands, and nasal cavity.
It’s important to note that this list is not exhaustive, and there are many other ENT conditions that may require medical attention and treatment. If you suspect you have any ENT-related symptoms, it is recommended to consult with an ENT specialist for proper evaluation and diagnosis.
Most Common ENT Procedures and Treatments
ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat) specialists perform a variety of procedures and treatments to address different conditions affecting the head and neck region. Some of the most common ENT procedures and treatments include:
Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy
Surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids, often performed to treat recurrent tonsillitis, sleep apnea, or breathing difficulties.
Various surgical procedures to address chronic sinusitis or sinus-related conditions, including functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and balloon sinuplasty.
Surgery to correct a deviated septum, which involves straightening the nasal septum to improve nasal airflow and alleviate breathing difficulties.
Myringotomy and Ear Tube Placement
A procedure performed to relieve middle ear fluid build-up and recurrent ear infections, involving the insertion of small tubes into the eardrums to promote drainage and ventilation.
A surgical procedure in which a device is implanted to provide hearing sensation for individuals with severe to profound hearing loss who do not benefit from hearing aids.
Surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland, commonly performed to treat thyroid nodules, goiter, or thyroid cancer.
Laryngoscopy and Vocal Cord Surgery
Procedures to visualize the larynx (voice box) and treat various vocal cord disorders, such as vocal cord nodules, polyps, or paralysis.
Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Minimally invasive techniques used to treat nasal polyps, chronic sinusitis, or structural abnormalities in the nasal and sinus passages.
Head and Neck Cancer Surgery
Surgical removal of cancerous tumors in the head and neck region, often combined with other treatments such as radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
Allergy Testing and Immunotherapy
Evaluation of allergic conditions and treatment options, including allergy testing to identify specific allergens and immunotherapy (allergy shots) to desensitize the immune system.
These are just a few examples of the many procedures and treatments performed by ENT specialists. The specific procedure or treatment recommended will depend on the patient’s condition and individual needs. It is important to consult with an ENT specialist for a proper evaluation and to determine the most suitable approach for each case.
General Recovery and Aftercare following ENT surgery
Recovery and aftercare following ENT surgery are essential for ensuring a smooth healing process and optimal outcomes. While the specific instructions may vary depending on the type of surgery and individual patient factors, here are some general guidelines for recovery and aftercare after ENT surgery:
Follow Post-operative Instructions
It is crucial to adhere to the post-operative instructions provided by your ENT surgeon. These instructions may include guidelines on wound care, medications, activity restrictions, and follow-up appointments. Adhering to these instructions promotes proper healing and reduces the risk of complications.
Manage Pain and Discomfort
You may experience some pain or discomfort following ENT surgery. Take prescribed pain medications as directed by your surgeon or use over-the-counter pain relievers, if recommended. Applying cold packs or ice packs to the surgical site can also help reduce swelling and alleviate discomfort.
Rest and Limit Physical Activity
Give your body time to rest and heal. Avoid strenuous activities, heavy lifting, and vigorous exercise for the duration specified by your surgeon.
Engaging in gentle movements, such as short walks, can promote blood circulation and aid in the healing process.
Maintain Proper Wound Care
If you have any incisions or wounds, keep them clean and dry as per your surgeon’s instructions. Follow the recommended dressing changes, if necessary, and avoid submerging the surgical site in water until given permission by your surgeon.
Maintain Hydration and Nutrition
Stay well-hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids unless advised otherwise. Consume a balanced diet rich in nutrients to support healing and recovery. If there are any dietary restrictions or modifications, follow your surgeon’s guidance.
Monitor for Signs of Complications
Keep an eye out for any signs of infection, such as increased pain, redness, swelling, discharge, or fever. Contact your surgeon immediately if you notice any concerning symptoms or have questions or concerns about your recovery.
Attend Follow-up Appointments
Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your ENT surgeon. These visits allow your surgeon to monitor your healing progress, remove any sutures or packing if required, and address any concerns or questions you may have.
Remember, these are general guidelines, and your specific recovery and aftercare instructions may differ based on the type of surgery and individual circumstances. It is crucial to closely follow your surgeon’s advice and reach out to them if you have any concerns during your recovery period.
Why Choose Dr Kleid for Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery?
Dr Stephen Kleid
Ear Nose and Throat Surgeon (Otolaryngologist)
Masada Medical Centre
26 Balaclava Road,
East St Kilda, Victoria
Dr Stephen Kleid is an experienced Ear, Nose and Throat ENT Surgeon (Otolaryngologist) based in St Kilda.
Dr Kleid’s Procedures
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